Recent political developments in the Philippines augur well for Philippine-Malaysia relations. By and large, the assumption of erstwhile Vice President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo as the 14th President of the Republic of the Philippines on January 20 this year signals a fresh beginning and provides renewed vigor to the country’s relations with its ASEAN neighbors, the countries in the Americas, Europe, the mainly Islamic Middle East, and rest of the world.

While the new Administration adheres to current foreign policy thrusts, Pres. Arroyo has adopted a more aggressive, pro-active, rational and pragmatic approach to diplomacy with the view to forging closer, friendlier and enhanced cooperation with its bilateral and multilateral partners. Introducing a novelty strategy in promoting the Philippines as an investment-friendly zone, a supplier of world class goods, services and talent, and as a safe tourist destination, the President appointed special roving ambassadors—persons of established credibility and proven competence -- to complement the work of the country’s missions abroad.

Pres. Arroyo’s stewardship of the Philippines has been recognized by Malaysia’s officials, and hopes are high that relations between the two countries would bloom and reach new heights.


Official relations between the Philippines and Malaysia span 42 years-- only two years short of Malaysia’s existence as a sovereign state. Sharing the same Malay culture and heritage, undoubtedly, transcending geographic boundaries, the two countries are training their sights to a full flowering of genuine sibling partnership, leaving behind a checkered history not devoid of some rough sailing. Yet, while the journey to the partnership that it is today had, at times, been choppy and tough, the Philippines and Malaysia could look back to history with pride that they surmounted the hurdles, and through the years have kept a relationship distinguished by civility, mutual respect and cooperation within the framework of ASEAN, of which both are founding members, together with Indonesia, Singapore and Thailand.

Following is a chronology of important events in the 42-year history of Philippines-Malaysia relations:

1959 The Philippines established a Legation in Kuala Lumpur

The Philippine Legation was elevated into an Embassy, with Ambassador     Yusup Abubakar as Chief  of Mission.

Pres. Carlos Garcia, accompanied by the First Lady, some members of his Cabinet and of Congress, embarked on a four-day state visit to Malaysia (then Federation of Malaya) on Feb. 8 – 11, whereby, he discussed, among others, with Malayan Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman the possibility of forming an Association of Southeast Asian States (ASA).

At the state dinner on Feb. 10 in honor of the Paramount Ruler, Yang di-Pertuan Agong, President Garcia rallied Asian countries to unite and to bring "prosperity and a richer life" to their peoples. Upon his arrival in Manila, the President praised Malaya for the sincerity and warmth of the welcome he received in that country and commented, " I can feel that the hearts of Malayans beat like that of the Filipinos"  even as he expressed his hope that "we can look to a future of better and closer relations."

1962 Agreement on the abolition of Visa Requirements and Waiver of Visa Fees in Certain Cases - signed  on July 31.

On April 4, Pres. Diosdado Macapagal conferred with Prime Minister, and concurrently Minister for External Affairs, Tunku Abdul Rahman on matters affecting relations between the two countries. The Tunku was in Manila to attend the Second Meeting of the Association of Southeast Asia Foreign Ministers held on April 2 – 4.

On May 25, Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman arrived in Manila for a brief stop-over en route to Tokyo for a meeting with Indonesian Pres. Sukarno. He was personally welcomed by Pres. Macapagal. Earlier, Pres. Sukarno had also made a stop-over in Manila where he and Pres. Macapagal agreed to go ahead with preparations for a tripartite summit meeting involving Indonesia, Malaya and the Philippines.

The Tripartite Summit Conference was held in Manila on July 30 – Aug. 5, whereby the three heads of state reaffirmed their determination to establish closest cooperation among their countries, and signed three documents, namely, Manila Declaration, Manila Accord and Joint Statement. In the said documents, MAPHILINDO, the acronym formed from the first syllables of each of the participating countries, was forged to establish the principle of joint action among the countries of the region for a specific purpose.

Effective Sept. 24, the Philippine Embassy in Kuala Lumpur closed down upon the host government’s orders, following a failure to reach a satisfactory settlement of the Philippines’ claim to North Borneo and the deferment of recognition of the successor state, the Federation of Malaya. For the next eight months (i.e. Sept 1963- May 1964), diplomatic and consular relations between the two countries were suspended.

Earlier, in his State of the Nation Address before the joint session of the Philippine Congress on Jan. 28, Pres. Macapagal outlined the highlights of Philippine foreign relations, which included the country’s claim on North Borneo. He said: " The most important action taken in the field of foreign relations in the past year was the official filing on 22 June 1962, with the United Kingdom, of the Philippine claim of sovereignty, jurisdiction, and proprietary ownership over North Borneo a successor-in-interest of the Sultan of Sulu. We are gratified at the goodwill shown by the United Kingdom in holding the talks in London in pursuance of our note on 22 June 1962, in which talks opportunity has been opened for a friendly scrutiny of the Philippine claim, taken with the security problems of Southeast Asia." He also announced that the Philippine Government had been made sole agents of the heirs of the Sultan of Sulu to negotiate over their claims to British Borneo. The claim had been discussed by Sultan Mohammad Ismail Kiram and Princess Tarhata Kiram with the President during their courtesy call on the latter on April 25, 1962.


On May 18, the Philippines opened a Consulate in Kuala Lumpur following an agreement reached between Pres. Macapagal and Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman during summit talks held on Feb. 10 – 12 in Phnom Penh. This was followed on April 30 by the exchange of Notes formalizing the agreement, coursed through the Government of Thailand, their designated representative.

Pres. Macapagal participated in a MAPHILINDO Summit in Tokyo where he acted as mediator between Indonesia and Malaysia in seeking a solution to the Malaysian issue. The tripartite summit was held on June 20 after Pres. Macapagal had for several times conferred separately with his two MAPHILINDO partners. Pres. Macapagal was in Tokyo on June 13 - 22.


For two years, i.e. June 1966 – June 1968, the relations between the Philippines and Malaysia were calm and stable, during which time an Anti-Smuggling Agreement between the two countries was concluded. The two countries also actively participated in the formation of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).

Governments of the two countries exchanged notes reaffirming their adherence to past agreements, namely the Manila Accord and the Joint Statement of 1963. The latter referred to the right of the Philippine Government to continue to pursue its claim to Sabah.

On June 3, the elevation to Embassy of the countries’ respective Consulates was formalized, with the designation of Philippine ambassador to Pakistan Romeo Busuego, and Malaysian ambassador to Germany Tan Sri Abdul Hamid Bin Jumat as ambassadors to Malaysia and the Philippines, respectively.

On the same day, the countries signed a communiqué declaring that both Governments "agreed to abide by the Manila Accord of July 31,1963 and with the Joint Statement accompanying it, for the peaceful settlement of the Philippines claim to Sabah", and that the two Governments "have also recognized the need of sitting together, for the purpose of clarifying the claim and discussing the means of settling it to the satisfaction of both parties."

A Malaysian delegation headed by Minister Tan Sri Hadji Sardon bin Hadji was given audience by Pres. Ferdinand Marcos on July 9 on the occasion of the inaugural flight of Malaysian Airways. During the call, Pres. Marcos expressed the Philippines’ desire to see the concept of ASA, and even that of MAPHILINDO, extended.

On Aug. 9, Pres. Marcos talked to Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman over the telephone to formally inaugurate the overseas telephone system linking Manila with Kuala Lumpur, Singapore and Hong Kong. The 20-minute informal conversation focused on the renewed bilateral diplomatic relations.


The foreign ministers of Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore and the Philippines signed the joint declaration establishing the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) on Aug. 7 in Bangkok. Foreign Affairs Secretary Narciso Ramos and Tun Abdul Razak signed for the Philippines and Malaysia, respectively.

On Aug. 25 – 26, Foreign Affairs Secretary Narciso Ramos was in Malaysia where he discussed bilateral issues with Deputy Prime Minister, concurrently Foreign Minister Tun Abdul Razak; attended the 4th ministerial meeting of ASEAN;, and represented the Philippines in the celebration of Malaysia’s 10th anniversary of independence. He also called on the Prime Minister to deliver a message from Pres. Marcos expressing optimism that outstanding problems between the two countries will be resolved in a spirit of brotherhood.

On Dec. 15 –19 Deputy Prime Minister Tun Abdul Razak was in Manila for a five-day goodwill visit. During his call on the President, he conveyed his Government’s enthusiasm on the forthcoming visit to Kuala Lumpur of the Philippines’ First Couple.

Anti-Smuggling Cooperation Agreement - signed on September 1.


On Jan. 9 – 11, Pres. Marcos, accompanied by the First Lady and some Cabinet members, was in Kuala Lumpur as the first stop of his 10-day state visits to Malaysia, Indonesia and Thailand. In a joint communiqué issued at the end of the visit, the President and the Malaysian Prime Minister noted with satisfaction the efforts of their governments to cooperate in resolving existing bilateral problems, and agreed to review regularly Philippine-Malaysian relations. They also expressed hope that ASEAN would serve as the region’s vehicle to accelerate economic development and regional cooperation, and to achieve lasting peace in the region.

On March 29, Malaysian Crown Prince, Tunku Mahkota of Pahang, paid a courtesy call on President and Mrs. Marcos.

The Philippine Embassy in Kuala Lumpur closed again on Nov. 29, following an impasse on the Sabah controversy. Malaysia likewise pulled out its embassy in Manila signaling the collapse of diplomatic relations between the Philippines and Malaysia. The period from April - November had been busy, if tense, as the two countries held talks in Bangkok, trying to resolve the issue.

The diplomatic row had been precipitated by the so-called "Corregidor" and "Jabidah" affairs which the Philippines had claimed were internal matters, but which Malaysia insisted to be otherwise. Malaysia alleged, but failed to prove, that same were efforts of the Philippines to train special forces for infiltration and subversive activities in Sabah.


After very quiet, unpublicized negotiations between its leaders, the two countries announced, during an ASEAN Foreign Ministers Meeting in December, the normalization of their diplomatic relations.

1970 Officers and staff of the Philippine Embassy started to return to Kuala Lumpur, and Ambassador Romeo Busuego, who had been re-designated as Philippine Ambassador to Malaysia, re-presented his Letter of Credence to the Yang di-Pertuan Agong in February.

On March 11, Tengku Ahmad Shah, Prince Tengku Mahkota of Pahang, who headed the Malaysian Polo team that competed in Manila, paid a courtesy call on Pres. Marcos.


Malaysian Foreign Minister Tun Ismail Abdul Rahman attended the 4th ASEAN Foreign Ministers’ Meeting held in Manila on March 12 – 13. Pres. Marcos, in his keynote address at the meeting’s opening, proposed the establishment of an ASEAN common market, the setting up of a "limited free trade area on a selective commodity basis" and move toward the expansion of intra-regional trade.


Malaysian Labor and Manpower Minister Datuk Lee San Choon, who was a guest of Labor Secretary Blas Ople, called on Pres. Marcos on April 17.

Foreign Affairs Secretary Carlos Romulo attended the 8th ASEAN Ministerial Meeting in Kuala Lumpur in May . (17-18?)


Pres. Marcos flew to Kuala Lumpur on Jan. 16 to pay his last respects to the late Prime Minister Tun Abdul Razak , whom he referred to in his arrival statement as "the man who sought to dissipate tension which, in lesser hands, could have developed within our borders." He also noted that Tun Razak sought not only to build a stable and progressive Malaysian nation but also to contribute a giant share in building a strong ASEAN.

He expressed sympathy to His Majesty Tunku Yahya Petra and Prime Minister Hussein Onn.

Malaysian Foreign Minister Tengku Ahmed Rithaudeen attended the 9th ASEAN Ministerial Meeting held on June 24 –26 in Manila. During the meeting, ASEAN foreign ministers signed the ASEAN Declaration for Mutual Assistance on Natural Disaster and the Declaration of Principles to Combat the Abuse of Narcotic Drugs.


Secretary of the United Malaysia National Organization, Datu Senu Abdul Rahman, called on Pres. Marcos on Feb. 1 to congratulate him for his success in the peaceful settlement of the Mindanao problem.

On Feb. 24, Foreign Minister Ahmed Rithaudeen was in Manila to attend a special session of the ASEAN Foreign Ministers marking the first anniversary of the Bali summit meeting. During this session, the ASEAN Preferential Trading Agreement was signed by the foreign ministers.

Pres. Marcos attended the Second ASEAN Summit hosted by Malaysia on Aug. 4–5 in Kuala Lumpur, where the leaders reaffirmed their commitment to the ASEAN Declaration and the Declaration of ASEAN Concord as the basis for regional cooperation.

On Aug. 11, upon arrival from his nine-day visit of Kuala Lumpur, Sabah and Labuan, the President disclosed the tripartite arrangement entered among the Philippines, Indonesia and Malaysia to effectively prevent eruptions of violence, transshipment of arms, and other disorders in the area.


On March 11, Pres. Marcos received the Malaysian King, Yang di-Pertuan Agong in Malacanang.

The export to Malaysia of 10,000 metric tons of rice, in the spirit of ASEAN unity and cooperation, was approved by the President on April 14.

1980 Pres. Marcos received on Feb. 12 Malaysian Foreign Minister Tengku Ahmad Rithauddeen with whom he had an exchange on the latest world developments.

Malaysian Foreign Minister Tengku Ahmad Rithauddeen attended the 14th ASEAN Foreign Ministers Meeting held in Manila on June 17-18.

1982 Manila hosted the 13th ASEAN Economic Ministers’ Meeting on May 20 which Malaysian  Trade Minister Tengku Ahmad Rithaudeen.

Agreement for the Avoidance of Double Taxation and the prevention of Fiscal Evasion with Respect to Taxes on Income - signed on April 27.

 1983 Dato Mohd Zahir Bin Haji Ismail, Speaker of the Dewan Rakyat of Malaysia attended the 5th General Assembly of the ASEAN Inter-Parliamentary Organization (AIPO) held in Manila and which Pres. Marcos keynoted in opening ceremonies held at the Malacanang Palace on April 5.

Agriculture Minister Anwar Ibrahim headed the Malaysian delegation to the 6th Meeting of the ASEAN Agriculture and Forestry Ministers which opened in Manila on Oct. 6. with Pres. Marcos as keynote speaker. The President during his address stressed the need for a common agricultural policy aimed at making farming the foundation of "a viable ASEAN economic community" as he also pointed out that ASEAN should explore every avenue to cooperate towards dismantling trade barriers.


Malaysian Foreign Minister Tengku Ahmad Rithaudeen visited Manila on April 11-12 mainly to hold bilateral talks with his counterpart, Acting Foreign Affairs Minister Pacifico A. Castro. He also called on Pres. Marcos who conceded that "certain issues" remained unresolved between Malaysia and the Philippines but that these difference did not mar their ties or deter their efforts to resolve them.

Acting Foreign Affairs Minister Pacifico Castro led the Philippine delegation to the 18th ASEAN Foreign Ministers’ Meeting held in Kuala Lumpur on July 8 – 9. In his opening remarks, the Foreign Affairs Minister quoted the Prime Minister of Malaysia on his observations concerning difficulties inherent in the competitive nature of ASEAN economies, as: "there are many areas where we can achieve some degree of complementary." During his call on the Malaysian Prime Minister, he conveyed the fraternal greetings of Pres. Marcos and the Filipino people.

1987 Air Services Agreement (ASA) - signed on April 12.

The First Meeting of the Philippines-Malaysia Joint Commission for Bilateral Cooperation (JCM) was held in Manila in December.

The year the saw a string of Malaysian ministerial-level visits to the Philippines, as follows:

Minister of International Trade and Industry, Dato Seri Rafidah Aziz on Jan. 14-18;

Minister of Science and Technology, Datuk Law Hieng Ding on Jan. 29 – Feb. 1;

Minister of Defence, Datuk Najib Tun Razak on Sept. 22 – 24;

Minister of Primary Industries, Dato Seri Dr. Lim Keng Yaik on Nov. 29 – Dec. 1;

Deputy Prime Minister Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim on Dec. 7 – 9.

A Malaysian delegation headed by Deputy Secretary General of the Ministry of Human Resources, Tuan Hj. Saedon Bin Daud, upon the invitation of Labor and Employment Secretary Ma. Nieves Confesor, arrived in Manila on July 22 and discussed with Philippine labor officials issues and matter affecting Filipino workers in Malaysia.

Memorandum of Understanding on the Establishment of RP-Malaysia Joint Commission for Bilateral Cooperation - signed on  July 22

1994 Memorandum of Understanding on Defense Cooperation - signed on September 26.

The Second Meeting of the Joint Commission for Bilateral Cooperation Between Malaysia and the Philippines was held in Kuala Lumpur on March 28 – 30.

Having been appointed Secretary of Foreign Affairs in May, Honorable Domingo L. Siazon, Jr. went the usual round of courtesy calls on his counterparts, and made an official visit to Malaysia on June 24 –25. Apart from paying a call on Malaysian Foreign Minister Dato Seri Abdulla Ahmad Badawi, he also paid a courtesy call on the Honorable Prime Minister Dato Seri Mahathir Mohamad.

On Oct. 10 – 11 (?) Pres. Fidel V. Ramos made a working visit to Malaysia on the occasion of the Program on Jose Rizal and the presentation of Noli Me Tangere at the Putra World Trade Center.

Second Protocol to the 1967 Agreement on Anti-Smuggling - signed 0n March 29.


The 3rd Meeting of the Joint Commission for Bilateral Cooperation between the Philippines and Malaysia was held in Manila.

Prime Minister Dato Seri Mahathir Mohamad attended the APEC Leaders Meeting held in Manila and Subic on Oct.

Memorandum of Agreement of the Establishment of the Turtle Island Heritage Protected Area - signed on May 31.

Air Services Agreement  signed on April 12 1987 was amended by a Confidential Memorandum of Understanding signed on November 29.


The State Government of Sabah implemented a special program covering Sabah and the Federal Territory of Labuan which granted amnesty and provided opportunities to illegal immigrants from the Philippines and Indonesia to legalize their employment as well as the stay of their dependents. The 1997 Regularization Program for Illegal Immigrants from Indonesia and the Philippines, implemented for six months (March 1- Aug 31), resulted in the legalization of some 120,000 Filipino workers and their dependents. To complement the Malaysian Regularization program, the Philippine Embassy set up and operated four Temporary Offices (Kota Kinabalu, Tawau. Sandakan, Labuan) to issue passports to undocumented Filipinos availing of the program.

Pres. Fidel V. Ramos attended the Second ASEAN Informal Summit held in Kuala Lumpur on Dec. 14 – 15m, where he also held bilateral discussions with Prime Minister Dato Seri Mahathir Mohamad.

 1998 Pres. Joseph Ejercito Estrada attended the APEC Leaders’ Meeting held in Kuala Lumpur on Nov. 18 – 19. He also held bilateral talks with Prime Minister Dato Seri Mahathir Mohamad.

Foreign Minister Dato Seri Syed Hamid Albar, who had been appointed as Foreign Minister earlier in January visited the Philippines on Nov. 4 – 5 to pay a courtesy call on and start bilateral discussions with Foreign Affairs Secretary Domingo L. Siazon, Jr.

2000 The 4th Meeting of the Joint Commission for Bilateral Cooperation Between Malaysia and the Philippines was held in Kuala Lumpur on March 1 – 3. The JCM was preceded by the 4th Joint Committee Meeting on Border Cooperation on Feb. 28, and the 2nd Meeting of the Malaysia-Philippines Joint Committee on the Assistance for Socio-Economic Advancement of the Muslim Filipinos on Feb. 29.


March 7 - 9.  Presidential special envoys, Ambassador Paul G. Dominguez, Special Envoy to Brunei, Indonesia and Malaysia, and Presidential Adviser for Regional Development, and Honorable Roberto R. Romulo, Senior Adviser to the President on International Competitiveness are on a working visit in Kuala Lumpur to convey a message from Her Excellency President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo for Malaysia’s leadership, the business sector and the Filipino Community in Malaysia.

Malaysian Minister of International Trade and Industry Dato' Seri Rafidah Aziz, together with 40 Malaysian businessmen visited Philippines.

April 8-12.  Tourism Secretary Richard "Dick" J. Gordon was in Kuala Lumpur to attend the 50th Pacific Asia Travel Association Conference.

May 13.  Labor secretary Patricia Sto. Tomas was in Kuala Lumpur to attend the ASEAN Labor Ministers' Meeting.

May 18.  Official visit to Malaysia of Vice President and Secretary of Foreign Affairs, Teofisto T. Guingona, Jr.

June  27-29 .  Former President Fidel V. Ramos and Finance Secretary Jose Camacho were in Kuala Lumpur to participate in the Tenth World Economic Development Congress (WEDC) and Tenth Annual Asian Leaders Congress (ALF) held at Putra World Trade Center, Kuala Lumpur.

June 28.  Malaysia's Defence Minister, Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak arrived in Manila to hold talks with President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo and Defence Secretary  Angelo Reyes.

August 7-9.  State visit to Malaysia of President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo.  The President was accompanied by a delegation of  150 Philippine government officials, businessmen and media representatives.

Sept. 7-10.  Secretary Richard J. Gordon was in Kuala Lumpur to attend a bilateral meeting with the Malaysia's  Minister of Tourism and to represent the Philippine Government at the Opening Ceremonies of the XXI Southeast Asian Games on 8 September.

December  20.   Malaysian Foreign Minister  Dato' Seri Hamid Albar  visited Manila, together with the Indonesian Foreign Minister, to discuss the turnover of former  Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (ARMM)  governor Nur Misuari,  who was caught together with his seven aides,  by the Malaysian authorities in Jampiras, Sabah,  for illegal entry on 24 November 2001.

2002 06 January.    Turnover of former ARMM governor Nur Misuari by Malaysian authorities to Philippine authorities after he was caught on 24 November 2002 in Sabah for illegal entry.

27 February.  Visit of Special Envoy to Malaysia, Indonesia and Brunei Darussalam Paul G. Dominguez who called on Sabah Chief Minister Datuk Chong Kah Kiat; Deputy Chief Minister Dato' Tham Yip Shim; and former Chief Minister and current assemblyman Yong Teck Lee.

28 February.  Visit of Atty. Lilia V. de Lima, Director General of Philippine Economic Zone Authority, to Kuala Lumpur to promote investments in Philippine economic zones.

08 March.  Visit of former Philippine President Fidel V. Ramos to Kuala Lumpur.

25-26 March.  Department of Foreign Affairs Undersecretary Lauro L. Baja, Jr., headed the Philippine delegation to the Fourth ASEAN-India Senior Officials Meeting in Kuala Lumpur.

03-06 April.  Visit of diplomatic mission to Malaysia headed by Secretary  Eduardo R. Ermita, Presidential Adviser for Special Concerns.  This mission met with Malaysian Foreign Minister Datuk Seri Syed Hamid Albar to present a progress report on the implementation of the 1996 peace agreement; to seek support for the recognition of the MNLF Executive Council; to report on the results of the plebiscite and elections in the ARMM; to apprise the OIC on the developments on the case against former ARMM governor Nur Misuari.

16-18 April. Visit  of Presidential Adviser for Mindanao Jesus G. Dureza to Kuala Lumpur in preparation for the National EAGA Secretariats meeting to be held in Davao in June; First BIMP-EAGA Customs, Immigration, Quarantine and Security Conference on 14-16 May 2002; and 10th BIMP-EAGA Senior Officials Meeting on the 3rd week of May in Manado, Indonesia. 

07 May.  Working visit of H.E. President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo to Kuala lumpur to address the 35th International General Meeting of Pacific Basin Economic Council (PBEC).  During the visit, she held a four-eyed meeting with PM Mahathir.  The two leaders were presented with the GRP-MILF Agreement on Implementing Guidelines on the Humanitarian Rehabilitation and Development Aspects of the GRP-MILF Tripoli Agreement on peace of 2001.  They also witnessed the signing of the Trilateral Agreement on Information Exchange and establishment of Communication Procedures.

19-22 May. Visit of Secretary of Interior and Local Government Jose D. Lina to Kuala Lumpur to attend the 2nd Annual ASEAN Ministerial Meeting for Transnational Crime.

19-22 June.  Visit of secretary of Environment and Natural resources Heherson T. Alvarez to attend the ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Haze

20 June.  Visit of Philippine Congressman Sherwin Gachalian to Kuala Lumpur to attend the UMNO General Assembly.

04-12 June.  "Exercise Land Malphi 04/2002" - military exercise between 62 Filipino and 74 Malaysian military personnel at Fort Magsaysay, Nueva Ecija, Philippines